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Trauma Therapy

What Is Posttraumatic Stress Disorder?

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder that can occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event such as a natural disaster, a serious accident, a terrorist act, war/combat, rape or other violent personal assault.

PTSD has been known by many names in the past, such as “shell shock” during the years of World War I and “combat fatigue” after World War II. But PTSD does not just happen to combat veterans. PTSD can occur in all people, in people of any ethnicity, nationality or culture, and any age. PTSD affects approximately 3.5 percent of U.S. adults, and an estimated one in 11 people will be diagnosed PTSD in their lifetime. Women are twice as likely as men to have PTSD.


People with PTSD have intense, disturbing thoughts and feelings related to their experience that last long after the traumatic event has ended. They may relive the event through flashbacks or nightmares; they may feel sadness, fear or anger; and they may feel detached or estranged from other people. People with PTSD may avoid situations or people that remind them of the traumatic event, and they may have strong negative reactions to something as ordinary as a loud noise or an accidental touch.


A diagnosis of PTSD requires exposure to an upsetting traumatic event. However, exposure could be indirect rather than first hand. For example, PTSD could occur in an individual learning about the violent death of a close family. It can also occur as a result of repeated exposure to horrible details of trauma such as police officers exposed to details of child abuse cases.


This information was provided for you by The American Psychiatric Association.


https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/ptsd/what-is-ptsd


Think you could have PTSD?

Click on this website for more information about PTSD and Depression.


https://www.mentalhelp.net/articles/depression-hotline/


Types of Trauma Therapy

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)

EMDR is a trauma therapy that utilizes bilateral stimulation to target symptoms of trauma, as well as emotions and negative cognitions associated with trauma.


Find out more:

http://www.emdr.com/what-is-emdr/


Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT)

CPT is a 13 session structured therapy that helps to reframe unhelpful methods of thinking and can be helpful to process single incident trauma.


Find out more:

https://www.apa.org/ptsd-guideline/treatments/cognitive-processing-therapy.aspx


Prolonged Exposure Therapy (PET)

PET is a therapy that can go beyond trauma symptoms.  It uses exposure to the event or object of avoidance to retrain the brains association between the object of avoidance and fear.


Find out more:

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/therapy-types/prolonged-exposure-therapy